In law, a settlement is a resolution between disputing parties about a legal case, reached either before or after court action begins. The term "settlement" also has other meanings in the context of law. Structured settlements provide for a periodic payment.
A settlement, as well as dealing with the dispute between the parties is a contract between those parties, and is one possible (and common) result when parties sue (or contemplate so doing) each other in civilproceedings. The plaintiff(s) and defendant(s) identified in the lawsuit can end the dispute between themselves without a trial.
The contract is based upon the bargain that a party forgoes its ability to sue (if it has not sued already), or to continue with the claim (if the plaintiff has sued), in return for the certainty written into the settlement. The courts will enforce the settlement: if it is breached, the party in default could be sued for breach of that contract. In some jurisdictions, the party in default could also face the original action being restored.
The territory of Croatia is divided by the Croatian Bureau of Statistics into small settlements, in Croatiannaselje (singular; pl. naselja). They indicate existing or former human settlement. Individual settlements are by and large referred to as selo (village), and are not necessarily incorporated places. Rather, the administrative units are cities (Croatian:grad, gradovi) and municipalities (Croatian:općina, općine), which are composed of one or more naselje. As of 2008, there are 6,749 naselja in Croatia.
The Constitution of Croatia allows a naselje or a part thereof to form some form of local government. This form of local government is typically used to subdivide the city settlements; a city usually includes an eponymous large settlement which in turn consists of several units named gradska četvrt ("city district") and/or mjesni odbor ("local committee").
Settlement in a structure refers to the distortion or disruption of parts of a building due to
unequal compression of its foundations;
shrinkage, such as that which occurs in timber-framed buildings as the frame adjusts its moisture content; or
undue loads being applied to the building after its initial construction.
Settlement should not be confused with subsidence which results from the load-bearing ground upon which a building sits reducing in level, for instance in areas of mine workings where shafts collapse underground.
Some settlement is quite normal after construction has been completed, but unequal (differential) settlement may cause significant problems for buildings. Traditional green oak-framed buildings are designed to settle with time as the oak seasons and warps, lime mortar rather than Portland cement is used for its elastic properties and glazing will often employ small leaded lights which can accept movement more readily than larger panes.